Ran An (M.Sc)

Shengyao Zhang (M.Sc)

Chuheng Tan (M.Arch)

Haipeng Zhong (M.Arch)

2022 – 2023


Buildings on slopes in mountainous areas are prone to damage due to the erosion of debris flows, leading to serious loss of life and property. The current landslide resistance structure strategy in the Yunan region of China can be summarized as a combination of rigid and flexible protection. Rigid protective structural materials rely on overall stiffness to resist dynamic forces; flexible protective structural materials are lightweight and cushioned, distributing forces through their deformability. However, the erosion of the building structure by landslide is a nonlinear dynamics problem under the action of complex impact loads, the integrated materials and structure systems driven by dynamic behaviour under landslide flow are still a difficult problem to be studied and solved urgently.

This investigation is anchored in the Malong district of Yunnan, China, an isolated area grappling with poverty and recurring landslides. At the city planning level, it aims to deploy computational methods to gauge risk and refine prevailing rural planning, weaving urban designs that can potentially divert or diminish landslide impact. Shifting to the architectural realm, the objective is to unearth sustainable and eco-resilient local materials, to devise a structural system resistant to landslides, suitable for local dwelling designs and construction. In this endeavor, a sandwich panel concept was introduced where timber ensures substantial external defense, while the inner mycelium composite enhances both the structure’s protective and strength attributes.